Basic Health Screening (BSH)
A person can look healthy on the outside not knowing that some of his major organs are already suffering from certain diseases not easily recognizable by the naked eye. This makes regular health screening imperative for everyone, even those who are young and who look healthy.
Basic or preventive health screening necessarily includes a CBC or Complete Blood Count considering that it can identify a variety of medical conditions. It also includes a urine test and CMP or Complete Metabolic Profile. Check out some of the tests included in the basic health screening and what the test results could mean:
A Complete Blood Count is usually included in employee health screening since it can measure a person’s iron level which can then be used to diagnose a variety of conditions like hemochromatosis and iron deficiency or anemia. It also measures the white and red blood count which can help diagnose leukemia. Abnormal hemoglobin levels can indicate vitamin deficiency or the breakdown of red blood cells. The hematocrit levels can be used to diagnose certain types of cancers or failure of the bone marrow.
The urine test can measure a lot of chemicals and elements in the body that can aid a doctor in making an accurate diagnosis. Among those measured by urinalysis are:
- specific gravity
This substance, which is measured through the urine test, can indicate hypoglycemia or diabetes. It is ideal for pregnant women, patients taking insulin, patients with low levels of glucose and patients with high levels of glucose resulting to ketones.
Uric acid is excreted through the urine and based on Health screening guidelines, it can help diagnose kidney problems, arthritis or gout. This chemical is the by-product of the breaking down of purines which you get a pile of when you drink beer or eat mackerel, anchovies, peas and liver. This test may be needed for employee health screening or for preventive health screening.
Blood Urea Nitrogen
BUN or Blood Urea Nitrogen, when compared with the ratio of creatine in the body, can help a doctor assess the present functioning of the kidneys. Urea is usually excreted through the urine and when that does not happen efficiently, then it can result to an increase in the BUN level which can lead to dehydration or heart failure. Low levels of BUN could indicate liver disease. It is best to minimize the intake of meat and other proteins when you are scheduled for a BUN test.
Preventive health screening can include an electrolytes panel test. This can also be recommended by your doctor if you are experiencing symptoms of cardiac arrhythmias, edema, hypertension or diseases involving the kidney or the liver. Among the electrolytes measured by this test are potassium which is critical for the proper functioning of the heart and chloride which is essential in the maintenance of body fluids.
Regular health screening can include the measurement of the triglycerides which can increase because of excess intake of sugar, alcohol and calories and can lead to heart disease. It can also include the measurement of the body’s total cholesterol level which is also closely associated with heart problems.
You will be surprised how a simple health screening can help convince you to change your lifestyle including your diet and exercise, in order to lead a healthier life.
Basic Health Screening (BSH)
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