• Tobacco Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older

    The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) conducted a survey about tobacco use among persons aged 12 or older in 2011. The survey includes a series of questions about the use of tobacco products, including cigarettes, chewing tobacco, snuff, cigars, and pipe tobacco. Cigarette use is defined as smoking “part or all of a cigarette.” For analytic purposes, data for chewing tobacco and snuff are combined and termed “smokeless tobacco.”

    Here are the highlights of the survey findings:

    In 2011, an estimated 68.2 million Americans aged 12 or older were current (past month) users of a tobacco product. This represents 26.5% of the population in that age range. Also, 56.8 million persons (22.1% of the population) were current cigarette smokers; 12.9 million (5%) smoked cigars; 8.2 million (3.2%) used smokeless tobacco; and 2.1 million (0.8%) smoked tobacco in pipes.

    figure 4.1

    By Age Group:

    In 2011, young adults aged 18 to 25 had the highest rate of current use of a tobacco product (39.5%) compared with youths aged 12 to 17 and adults aged 26 or older (10.0% and 26.3%, respectively).

    Across age groups, current cigarette use was highest among persons aged 18 to 20 (31.6%), those aged 21 to 25 (34.7%), those aged 26 to 29 (33.7%), and those aged 30 to 34 (29.7%).

    figure 4.3

    By Gender:

    In 2011, current use of a tobacco product among persons aged 12 or older was reported by a higher percentage of males (32.3%) than females (21.1%).

    Among youths aged 12 to 17, the rates of current cigarette smoking in 2011 were similar for males (8.2%) and females (7.3%). From 2002 to 2011, the rate of current cigarette smoking among youths decreased for both males (from 12.3% to 8.2%) and females (from 13.6% to 7.3%).

    figure 4.4

    Pregnant Women:

    About one in six pregnant women aged 15 to 44 had smoked cigarettes in the past month, based on combined data for 2010 and 2011. The rate of past month cigarette use was lower among women who were pregnant (17.6%) than it was among women who were not pregnant (25.4%).

    This pattern was also evident among women aged 18 to 25 (22.4% vs. 29.9% for pregnant and non-pregnant women, respectively), and among women aged 26 to 44 (14.3% vs. 25.7%, respectively).

    figure 4.5

    By Race/Ethnicity:

    In 2011, the prevalence of current use of tobacco products among persons aged 12 or older was 13% for Asians, 20.4% for Hispanics, 26.2% for Blacks, 28.6% for Whites, 36.1% for persons who reported two or more races and 43% for American Indians or Alaska Natives.

    By Education Status:

    Among adults aged 18 or older, current cigarette use in 2011 was reported by 33.7% of those who had not completed high school, 28.3% of high school graduates who did not attend college, 25.9% of persons with some college, and 11.7% of college graduates. These rates were similar to the 2010 rates by educational attainment.

    By Employment Status:

    In 2011, current cigarette smoking was more common among unemployed adults aged 18 or older than among adults who were working full-time or part-time (40.7% vs. 23.3% and 22.9%, respectively).

    By Geographic Area:

    In 2011, current cigarette smoking among persons aged 12 or older was lower in the West (18.1%) than in the Northeast (22.2%), the South (23.2%), and the Midwest (24.2%). Use of smokeless tobacco was highest in the Midwest (4.3%), followed by the South (3.7%), then the West (2.4%), then the Northeast (1.9%).

    Frequency of Cigarette Use:

    Among the 56.8 million current cigarette smokers aged 12 or older in 2011, 34.5 million (60.7%) used cigarettes daily.

    Less than half (43.8%) of daily smokers aged 12 or older reported smoking 16 or more cigarettes per day.

    The percentage of daily smokers who smoked at least one pack of cigarettes per day increased with age, from 14.7% among daily smokers aged 12 to 17 to 26.1% of those aged 18 to 25, then to 47.4% of those aged 26 or older.

    figure 4.6

    Source:  http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/2011SummNatFindDetTables/Index.aspx

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